Ziua internationala de comemorare a victimelor Holocaustului este marcata in fiecare an, pe 27 ianuarie.

Nu am avut timp sa scriu pe aceasta tema dar mi-a cazut in mana un text care exprima extrem de bine parerea mea despre Holocaust si Razboi .

De fapt este vorba despre eseul scris de  Umberto Eco, in anul 1995, in care a listat 14 caracteristici principale ale ur-fascismului.

Sa le recitim impreuna:


1. Cultul tradiției.

“One has only to look at the syllabus of every fascist movement to find the major traditionalist thinkers. The Nazi gnosis was nourished by traditionalist, syncretistic, occult elements.”

2. Respingerea modernismului.

“The Enlightenment, the Age of Reason, is seen as the beginning of modern depravity. In this sense Ur-Fascism can be defined as irrationalism.”

3. Cultul actiunii de dragul actiunii in sine.

“Action being beautiful in itself, it must be taken before, or without, any previous reflection. Thinking is a form of emasculation.”

4. Dezacordul este tradare.

“The critical spirit makes distinctions, and to distinguish is a sign of modernism. In modern culture the scientific community praises disagreement as a way to improve knowledge.”

5. Teama de diferenta.

“The first appeal of a fascist or prematurely fascist movement is an appeal against the intruders. Thus Ur-Fascism is racist by definition.”

6. Atragerea categoriilor sociale frustrate.

“One of the most typical features of the historical fascism was the appeal to a frustrated middle class, a class suffering from an economic crisis or feelings of political humiliation, and frightened by the pressure of lower social groups.”

7. Obsesia complotului.

“The followers must feel besieged. The easiest way to solve the plot is the appeal to xenophobia.”

8. Inamicul este deopotriva puternic, dar si slab.

“By a continuous shifting of rhetorical focus, the enemies are at the same time too strong and too weak.”

9. Pacifism inseamna deal-uri cu inamicul.

“For Ur-Fascism there is no struggle for life but, rather, life is lived for struggle.”

10. Dispret pentru cei slabi.

“Elitism is a typical aspect of any reactionary ideology.”

11. Toata lumea este educata sa aiba o atitudine eroica.

“In Ur-Fascist ideology, heroism is the norm. This cult of heroism is strictly linked with the cult of death.”

12.Machism si armament.

“Machismo implies both disdain for women and intolerance and condemnation of nonstandard sexual habits, from chastity to homosexuality.”

13. Populism selectiv.

“There is in our future a TV or Internet populism, in which the emotional response of a selected group of citizens can be presented and accepted as the Voice of the People.”

14. Ur-fascismul vorbește o noua limba de lemn, simplificatoare.

“All the Nazi or Fascist schoolbooks made use of an impoverished vocabulary, and an elementary syntax, in order to limit the instruments for complex and critical reasoning.”

Never again!


PS. Daca marele  scriitor italian si-a bazat analiza pe experienta sa personala, de om caree a  trait sub regimul fascist al lui Benito Mussolini cu regret trebuie sa spun ca eu recunsosc , dupa sapte decenii, foarte  multe din aceste aspecte (nu cred ca am halucinatii)  in discursul  celor  care ne conduc….

Si deoarece  recunosc acceste  elemente parerea mea este sa ramanem vigilenti si sa ne taxam  politicienii de la orice deraiere de pe sinele democratiei deoarece,  daca ne amintim bine, si Hitler a ajuns la apogeu  doar pentru ca ai sai conteporani nu l-au luat in serios. Urmarea, o stim cu totii….


Textul eseului este  preluat de pe pagina “Si noi suntem Familie”.